Most outstanding and famous disciple of Plato, Aristotle has distinct place as a critic of literature and art. His life span is 384-322 BC. His contribution to the field of knowledge is immense and fundamental. He composed nearly six treatise but today only two survived: Poetics and Rhetoric, first deals with literature and other arts, and later with oratory or art of speaking. Here our concern is with his views on literature and criticism which include poetry, epic, drama (tragedy and comedy), and style. He differs to Plato in his approach to poetry (literature) i.e. the function of poetry is not of a social reformer but giving pleasure. His views are based on the scientific method and not on the idealism or teaching. To understand Aristotle’s contribution to poetry, it is necessary to know the plan of his seminal treatise—Poetics.
Structure of Poetics: it is a treatise of fifty pages divided into 26 small chapters as below:
Chapter I to IV: it is devoted to poetry
Chapter V: it discusses comedy, epic and tragedy in general
Chapter VI to XIX: it exclusively explains the concept of tragedy
Chapter XX to XXII: talks about poetic diction
Chapter XXIII & XXIV: based on epic poetry
Chapter XXV: again on poetry (there are five chapters on poetry)
Chapter XXVI: comparison between epic and tragedy
Considering the above plan, it is clear that Aristotle...