Drama or play is a popular genre of literature. First, poetry and drama were evolved as the ancient forms of literature, later developed the other forms. The word ‘drama’ is derived from the Greek meaning ‘action’. It is the most distinct form of literature for it is based on the live performance. The similar word for drama is play; and the author of drama is called dramatist or playwright. It is different from all other forms of literature because live characters, to whom we call actors take part in performance on stage (in a theatre) before a live audience. Drama can be defined as a form of fictional or realistic composition based on written script meant for performance on stage through characters (actors) in front of the audience. Dialogues are crucial part of such performance. Different roles are assigned to the characters who perform on the stage. It is the only collaborative art in literature where the constituents like dramatist, director, stage manager, actors and others collaborate for the final and unified effect. According to John Dryden, a well-known seventeenth century poet and critic, “a play is a just and lively image of human nature, representing its passions and humours, and the changes of fortune to which it is subject for the delight and instruction of mankind”.

          Here, Dryden’s focus is on...


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